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Classicism and Otherness
Egyptian, Etruscan, and Gallic Antiquities

Antiquarian research in the 17th and 18th centuries covered broad and varied geographical and chronological zones. Alongside paleochristian antiquity and the Middle Ages, the worlds of the Egyptians and Etruscans notably sparked new curiosity that anthologies of engraved pictures of antiquities helped to satisfy.
Since these civilizations’ writing systems had not yet been deciphered, their history could be read only through material vestiges. "Paper museums" made it possible to study these vestiges through pictures. Depictions of items that originated outside the Greco-Roman world not only expanded the temporal notion of antiquity but also offered an alternative aesthetics to the works of Classical antiquity.